The Hohenschwangau Castle is a castle in southern Germany from the 19th century. King Louis II of Bavaria’s childhood home and his father King Maximilian II of Bavaria constructed the Hohenschwangau Castle. The place is situated at Hohenscho in the German nearby village Fussen, within southwestern Bavaria, Germany, portion of the county of Ostallgau, quite near the Austria’s border. The name of the castle of Hohenschwangau stems from a German name which is “High Swan Country” and from the 12th century, the first historical document. The Hohenschwangau Castle is a few hundred meters far from the other world-famous castles of Neuschwanstein, and is well-known for their magnificent landscapes and welcoming ambiance.

History of the Hohenschwangau Castle

The Schwangau fortress, which first appeared in the historical documents of the 12th century, stood on a rock on the location of Neuschwanstein Castle, now in the 19th century. The knights were the ministerialis of the Welfs, afterwards counts of Schwangau. Hiltbolt von Schwangau was a minnesinger (1195–1254). The bride of minnesinger Oswald von Wolkenstein is Margareta von Schwangau. The Hohenschwangau castle today (“Hohenschwangau”) was first named after Schwanstein in 1397. The titles of the two castles only changed in the 19th century. The Hohenschwangau castle was built on a slope above the Alpsee Lake under the old fortification. The Lords had to give their kingdom immediately, with Imperial promptness to the dukes of Wittelsbach, but they kept occupying the castle as burgraves between 1440 and 1521. They were once again owners in 1521, but in 1535 they had to sell their property. The buyer, the rich Augsburg trader Johann Paumgartner, had an under-castle reconstructed by Lucio di Spazzi, the Italian architect who already had been working at Hofburg in Innsbruck.

He maintained the external walls and towers but reconstructed the inside a component until 1547, according to a design that somehow still currently exists. Nevertheless, the original Schwangau fortification remained ruined. In 1549 Paumgartner died and his children surrendered their new castle to Maximilian I, the elector of Bavaria, after having been brought into the position of baron. The Wittelsbachs was using the castle as a refuge for agnatic princes or as a hunt for bears. The Austrian soldiers ransacked it in 1743. In 1803, the county of Schwangau formally became part of the Bavarian electorate during German mediatization. The fortress was purchased in 1820 by King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria. The Hohenschwangau castle wasn’t until 1832 that the Bavarian Crown Prince, his grandson, Maximilian II, purchased it back. In 1833, Maximilian visited Turkey and was so fascinated by its architecture and culture that he decorated the Turkish-style queen room In April 1829, while a walking tour, he had found the old town and greeted with enthusiasm to the splendor of the region. In 1832, he took up his father’s ambition to relocate into the historic castle, the Hohes Schloss (Hohes Schloss), adjacent town of Fussen, which was still known as Schwanstein.


The renovation of the fortress started in February 1833 and went on up to 1837 and continued until 1855. As for Neogothic type of external design, the architect in responsibility, Domenico Quaglio was responsible. In 1837 Joseph Daniel Ohlmüller died, and Georg Friedrich Ziebland resumed his work. He died in 1839. Over than 90 artworks of the walls portray Swangau’s background (the Swan district literal), medieval German mythology such as Parzival and the tale of Lohengrin, the Chevalier of the Swan, on which Richard Wagner subsequently built his operas of Lohengrin in 1848 or Parsifal in 1882. His spouse Marie of Prussia and two sons Ludwig (later King Ludwig II Bavaria) and Otto were the official home in the warmth and hunting of Maximelian and their siblings (the later King Otto I of Bavaria). The young princes have been here for many years. The Queen Marie, whom loved walking in the highlands, built a mountain garden of plants from all around the alpine region. The king, the Queen, and the boys in the annex stayed in the main building.

Hohenschwangau Castle

Friedrich Guillaume IV of Prussia’s cousin, the Queen’s Castle on the Rhine had simultaneously been reconstructed in the Gothic style. His son, Ludwig, inherited the crown and moved into his castle’s dad’s room in 1864. His mother Marie could live on her floor during in the summer season, as Ludwig did not marry King Ludwig was in Hohenschwangau but he was particularly pleased to live in the absence of an ill-fated mother, particularly after 1869 when Neuschwanstein started building his own castle on the site of the former Schwangau fortress, high above the castle of his parents. For several private concerts for one audience member, Ludwig II, Wagner employed a square piano graved into a maple tree. In 1886, after the passing of Ludwig, Queen Marie was the lone occupant of the castle until her death in 1889. The Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria, her brother-in-law, lived in the 3rd story of the structure. In 1905 he was in charge of the electrification and the construction of an electric lift. In 1912, Luitpold passed and in the next year, the Palace established itself as a museum.


The palace received zero harm throughout World War I and World War II. The Bavaria State Parliament acknowledged in 1923 the right to live in the castle of the erstwhile royal family. The Hohenschwangau Castle was occupied in the summertime by Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria from 1933 to 1939, which remained the favorite residence of his predecessors, his grandson Franz, and the duke of Bavaria today. Prince Adalbert of Bavaria, who lived for the rest of the war, had been removed from the Armies under Hitler’s Prinzenerlass by May 1941 and retired to the Hohenschwangau Family Castle. The banquet hall is the biggest area in the palace of Hohenschwangau, known as “the Hall of the Heroes.”It is so broad that the whole width of the castle is covered. The picture depicts numerous Wilkins saga scenes and his hero, Dietrich von Bern. The Hohenschwangau Castle is also decorated with watercolors.  Every year the castle is visited by over 300,000 tourists from across the globe. The fortress is accessible all year around. The tour is conducted in English, French, German, Spanish, Russian, Slovenian, Japanese and Italian. There are no self-managed tours.


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