Chillon Castle ( French: Chateau de Chillon) is an island fort located in Lake Geneva ( Lac Leman) south of Veytaux in the province of Vaud. It lies in the eastern part of the lake, between Montreux, Villeneuve, and the small beach, and it allows access to the Rhone’s alpine valley. Chilon is one of the most visited medieval palaces in Switzerland and Europe. Occupied by Bernice’s Savoy’s House from 1536 to 1798, it now belongs to the province of Ward and is classified as a Swiss cultural property of national importance. Its modern counterpart, Fort de Chillon, is hidden on the slopes of the mountain.
Chilon was a military territory from Roman times and the present fortress spans three periods: the Savoy Age, the Bernese Age, and the Vaudois Age.
Roman Age - Chilon began as a Roman outpost, guarding the strategic route through the alpine routes. 19th-century excavations have unearthed objects from the Roman period as well as the ruins of the Bronze Age. The site was fortified by the Romans with a double wooden palisade before the addition of a square donjon in the 10th century. 13th-century sources link the possession of the Chilon site to the Bishop of Zion.
Savoy Age – Although the earliest elements of the palace are undated, the castle’s first written record is from 1005. It was built to control the road from Burgundy to Great St. Bernard Pass. 1150 Charter, County Gouel III by Hautcret of Cistercians to Chillon to free travel to the award of, the house owner was a feudal society in the state, subject to the Savoy Gaucher de Blonay is named. From the middle of the 12th. In the twentieth century, the fort was the summer home of the Savoy Counts, who kept a fleet of ships on Lake Geneva. In 1248 and 1266-7 the fort was greatly expanded by Peter II. Distinctive windows were added during this time by Master James of St. George, who is believed to have later added windows similar to Harlech Castle in Wales.
Bernice Age – In 1536 the fort was captured by GeneVoice and Bernice’s army and all prisoners, including de Bonivard, were released. Until the conversion of Chilon into a state prison in 1733, the fort remained the residence of the Bernice hostage.
Vaudois era – In 1798, the French-speaking province of Ward was ousted by the German-speaking Bernese authorities and the Lemonic Republic was declared. Vaudois invited French troops to help other Swiss maintain self-government. When the French settled, Chilon was used as a storehouse of ammunition and weapons.
Architecture and popular culture
The size and shape of Chillon Castle are reminiscent of a ship – at its largest point, it is 110 meters (361 feet) long and 45 meters (148 feet) wide. The general shape and outline of the palace have persisted for nearly 800 years, and Chilon Castle has never been destroyed. The whitewashed exterior of Chillon Castle once captivated visitors but has not been repainted. Chilon donjon the height of the Castle, Geneva Lake, and the citadel of the broad vision for what. There are several buildings and two wall circuits around Chilon’s Donjon Castle. The palace consists of four impressive mansions with huge tank windows. Medieval historians have noted that Chilon Castle is similar to Harlech Castle in Wales, especially in terms of the placement of its large windows.
The prisons in Chillon Castle are cut directly into the rock at the base of the palace floor. ( A visitor can still see his name engraved on the tower of Lord Bryon’s Bonivard ‘s old prison cell.) Near the end of the Middle Ages before they were converted into prisons. A small church in Chillon Castle – St. George’s Church – contains medieval murals of Old Testament prophets and New Testament apostles. From the 1340s AD. Visitors to Chilon Castle can still see the old logo of the Savoy Palace in the Belief’s Great Hall, which dates back to 1340.
Chillon Castle has been to inspire writers of different over the past three centuries, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Johann Wolfgang von gote, Byron Lord, Percy buys Shelley, William Wordsworth, Victor Hugo, Alexandria Duma, Charles Dickens, Enrique James, Henry Twain, Hemingway Because of its splendor, extraordinary history, and spectacular views of the Alps. In his famous and popular work La Nouvelle Heloise, published in 1762, Rousseau was the first to reference Castle Chillon. However, it was Lord Byron’s poem ” The Prisoner of Chillon” that first encouraged tourists. Mark Twain C.W. Visited in 1880 and appreciated the fort despite many tourists.
The tranquil environment and breathtaking views of Lake Geneva, which is covered in waves and snow, attract visitors from all over the world. The palace’s fame extends beyond the Swiss border. 2019, 430 000 with visitors, the temple of the corner of Lake and confirmed its position as a historical monument of the most viewed in Switzerland.