Paranapiacaba is a district in the Santo Andr municipality in the state of Sao Paulo in Brazil. It is located approximately 61 kilometers ( 38 miles ) southeast of the center of So Paulo and 12 kilometers ( 7.5 miles ) east of Rio Grande da Serra. The Tupi term paranapiacaba literally means “where the sea is found.”There are about 1,200 residents.
Paranapiacaba was built as a corporate community for employees of the British railway firm Sao Paulo Railway. The district is a well-known large industrial complex, located just beyond the main road from Rio Grande da Sera to the main village. The development of the center was facilitated by railroads, freight, and manned transport from the interior of Sao Paulo to the port of Santos. The layout of the village is characterized as panoptic.
In 1867, the city became the operating headquarters and home of the English-owned Sao Paulo Railroad workers. The stone buildings of the city are visible directly outside London, and a clock tower appears above the jungle of the old railway yard. The Sao Paulo Railway connects the city’s interior with Santos’ seaport, transporting both people and products (mainly coffee). Its biggest technological breakthrough was the Funicular: a specially built train shuttle for slopes.
At its peak, Paranapiacaba was home to 4,000 engineers, workers, and their families. However, automated technology 19 because the fungus century outdated, was necessary to transport depot down the mountain and beach items. The Brazilian government bought the Sao Paulo Railway in the 1940s as Brazil grew more integrated. The finer at Paranapiacaba station was in use until 1980, after which it was run exclusively for tourists. Today it has rusted in the train yard.
Although the train station appears to be broken and deserted, Paranapiacaba has not been abandoned. People live in the area but most of the old houses are empty. The village is divided into “upper” and “lower” sections by rail. The villa is located further up the hilltop and, as the name implies, is more Portuguese in architectural style.
Downstairs sits at Villa Martim Smith, the train staff previously lived in bunkhouses and small cabins. This is where Museo Tecnológico Ferroviário is located in an old train building. The museum showcases all the technological achievements of the British Railways in Brazil. Visitors are welcome to tour the train station as well. Although the train is no longer running, the station is dead: industrial tracks, buildings, and equipment are being taken over by lush natural growth
The site called for investment in the World Monuments Watch (WMW) in 2000 and 2002 by the World Monument Fund to revitalize the village. With funding from American Express, the Fund assisted local stakeholders in implementing this initiative. By 2008, the WMW team had successfully restored conservation efforts to the Casa Fox ( archive), Castelinho ( now a museum), the Lyra Serrano Club, and the Old Market. Further renovations are underway. With so many improved facilities, the city has seen a dramatic change in its environment and the economic progress of the area.